California shooter Ian David Long was ‘weird’ loner, danced in garage
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“I think I’ve actually gone there with him one time,” Winnett said.
The two men lived together twice before, around 2012 and 2014, in Simi Valley and Reseda, a neighborhood in Los Angeles.
“He was kind of weird. He always locked himself in his room, he was always by himself,” Winnett, 35, recalled. “I didn’t really know him very well.”
Winnett never witnessed Long get physical with anyone — but said he wasn’t exactly the world’s best roommate.
“He didn’t want to help anyone do anything. He was just lazy I guess,” Winnett recalled. When Long was once asked to take out the trash, he snarled, “That’s not my f—ing job,” Winnett said.
“He wasn’t violent but he was mean,” he added. “He would go to the gym and then he would, I guess, try to learn dance moves or something. He would close the garage and be playing music and dancing in there, like sweating. I would open the garage and would be like, ‘What are you doing?'”
Winnett said he hasn’t spoken to Long in years.
“It’s been so long since I talked to him. I tried reaching out to him before,” he said. “People can change. I just don’t know why I can’t see really any information on why he would do something like that. That’s crazy. I’m blown away.”
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November 08, 2018
Sources: New York Post
Khmer Rouge remain in Cambodia’s remote reaches, each with a chronicle of the horror-soaked years in which Pol Pot and his Communist disciples turned the country into a deadly laboratory for agrarian totalitarianism.</p><p>Mea Chrun, a former bodyguard in the Khmer Rouge, lives in the jungle-choked hills of northern Cambodia. He is matter-of-fact about the weight of the slaughter. “I think that one million people were killed,” he said. “Don’t say three million.”</p><p>On Friday morning — four decades after at least 1.7 million people, a fifth of Cambodia’s population, were culled by execution, overwork, disease and famine — an international tribunal for the first time declared that the Khmer Rouge committed genocide.</p><p>In the court were the two most senior surviving members of the regime, Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan, now 92 and 87 respectively, and the court ruled that the two were aware of genocidal actions toward groups in Cambodia including the Muslim Cham and ethnic Vietnamese.</p><p>In dry legal prose that did not camouflage the violent class struggle waged by the Khmer Rouge, the verdict repeated certain words: murder, extermination, enslavement, imprisonment, torture, persecution on political grounds and other inhumane acts against human dignity.</p><p>Detailed instances of forced labor, such as the building of dams and dikes at the threat of death, were enumerated, along with forms of torture ranging from suffocation by plastic bags to the extraction of toenails and fingernails.</p><p>Muslims were forced to eat pork. Civil servants were executed by electrocution with telephone cables.</p><p>As the lengthy verdict was read out, Mr. Nuon Chea, his eyes shielded by oversized dark glasses and his lips collapsing into a mouth missing teeth, asked to be allowed to listen to the proceedings in a holding cell rather than in the glass-enclosed courtroom.</p><p>For some, the verdict felt like a marginal footnote to a murderous history that has made Cambodia a byword for genocidal mania.</p><p>“It may be finished,” said Iam Yen, 52, who gave testimony to the tribunal of her years imprisoned in a child camp under the Khmer Rouge. “But I won’t ever have peace.”</p><p>Still, a verdict of genocide in Cambodia, no matter how delayed or limited in scope, carries implications for future prosecutions of crimes against humanity, such as in the cases of Sudan or Myanmar.</p><p>“We need to show the world that even if it takes a long time, we can deliver justice,” said Ly Sok Kheang, the director of the Anlong Veng Peace Center and a researcher in peace and reconciliation efforts.</p><p>Only five top Khmer Rouge leaders have been arrested and put on trial. But as the court’s deliberations dragged on, the other two elderly defendants died.</p><p>With Friday’s judgment, Prime Minister Hun Sen of Cambodia has made clear he would prefer the tribunal to cease its high-profile work. But others would like trials to extend to many lower-ranking officials who are believed to have carried out some of the Khmer Rouge’s most horrific crimes.</p><p>Mr. Hun Sen, a onetime Khmer Rouge cadre who has ruled Cambodia for more than three decades, had opposed the formation of the tribunal in the first place. Rather than put Mr. Khieu Samphan and Mr. Nuon Chea on trial, he said in 1998, they should be greeted with “bouquets of flowers, not with prisons and handcuffs.”</p><p>“This trial has frequently been a disgrace and a farce,” said Sophal Ear, a professor of diplomacy and world affairs at Occidental College in Los Angeles, whose family fled the Khmer Rouge. “The message is that you can be held to account, if you live long enough.”</p><p>Mr. Khieu Samphan, head of state during most of the Khmer Rouge years, and Mr. Nuon Chea, Pol Pot’s aide-de-camp and chief political strategist, were arrested in 2007, after having spent years living freely in the country’s north.</p><p>“Do you really think that that was what I wanted to happen to my people?” Mr. Khieu Samphan asked after the verdict four years ago. “The reality was that I did not have any power.”</p><p>Khieu Udom, his son, who runs a gas station in Anlong Veng, dismissed the charges against his father. “My father was targeted so they can do whatever they like with him,” he said.</p><p>Mr. Khieu Samphan’s daughter-in-law, Bun Ratana, called him “a good man who would never beat a dog or a cat.”</p><p>Nearby, her 6-year-old son sat hunched over a notebook writing the word “teacher” in English. Both the word and the language it was written in could have doomed him when his grandfather was head of state of Kampuchea, as Cambodia was known during the Khmer Rouge era.</p><p>Friday’s genocide conviction comes more than 40 years after the Khmer Rouge imposed its reign of terror on Cambodia. In 1975, Pol Pot and his communist forces marched into Phnom Penh, the Cambodian capital, and declared it “Year Zero.”</p><p>The aim was a classless agrarian society. People were executed for the slightest of crimes: wearing glasses, speaking French or liking ballet.</p><p>Many of the Khmer Rouge’s most fervent ideologues were foreign-educated. Mr. Khieu Samphan studied political science at the Sorbonne, while Mr. Nuon Chea went to college in Thailand. The support they garnered, however, came from Cambodia’s young, rural base, which had suffered from years of civil war and American bombardment as the Vietnam War spilled over the border.</p><p>Cambodia today is again a young country. Most of the population was born long after the Khmer Rouge was removed from power by the invading Vietnamese in 1979. Even if many families lost relatives during the rise and fall of the Khmer Rouge, little national introspection has occurred.</p><p>Yun Bin, 63, said he was taken to one of the Khmer Rouge’s killing fields, hacked with an ax and dumped in a well with others. To ensure no one lived, the soldiers threw grenades in the well, he said. Mr. Yun Bin alone survived. To honor those who died in the well, he added his name as a civil party in the Khmer Rouge trials.</p><p>“I don’t want people to forget what happened,” he said. “Today, people care about business and money, and they want to look forward.”</p><p>The shabby grave of Pol Pot, who died in 1998, only receives a few visitors a day. But across the street from the grave site, a massive casino with fountains and statuary draws Thai and local customers, even if gambling is illegal for Cambodians.</p><p>The most consistent visitors to Pol Pot’s burial grounds are casino staff, who come to burn fake money to ensure continued good luck for the gambling hall, the grave’s caretaker said.</p><p>Many ex-Khmer Rouge in Anlong Veng said they had no idea that a genocide verdict was imminent in Phnom Penh. Dividing the Cambodian population into binary good and bad halves is impossible, they said.</p><p>“We are all victims,” said Panh Sam Onn, who hid his background as a teacher to avoid being persecuted by the Khmer Rouge. He was soon drafted into the Khmer Rouge and rose from foot soldier to district chief.</p><p>Mr. Panh Sam Onn acknowledged the excesses that occurred under his watch: the forced labor, the separation of children from their families, the starvation that could have been prevented by sound agricultural policies.</p><p>The Khmer Rouge trials, in a custom-built courthouse on the outskirts of Phnom Penh, were a good idea, he said, because justice was needed.</p><p>But sitting on his veranda in a village full of former Khmer Rouge in Anlong Veng, Mr. Panh Sam Onn waved away the idea that more prosecutions should follow.</p><p>“They should only try the top leaders and stop there,” he said. “Otherwise, it will be too fragile for society. Where will it end?”</p>
km (100 miles) east of Kira Kira in the Solomon Islands.</p><p>The Solomon Islands, a nation of hundreds of islands in the South Pacific, has many World War Two-era sites.</p><p>The earthquake, which struck at 3.26am (GMT), was reviewed to a magnitude 6.2 and a revised depth of 10.6km (6.5miles).</p><p>The National Weather Service has not issued a tsunami warning, advisory, watch or threat as a result of the quake.</p><p> See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive. </p>
es home of late friend and bridesmaid Kim Porter on Thursday afternoon as she watched a coroner haul her body.</p><p>Simmons was beside herself as stood in the garage alongside other loved ones to Porter, who suddenly passed away Thursday after suffering flu-like symptoms and possibly pneumonia for several weeks, according to TMZ.</p><p>Authorities arrived at Porter's home around 11.30am after they received a call that someone at the residence had gone into cardiac arrest.</p><p>The actress, 47, who dated Diddy for 13 years, reportedly phoned her doctor just yesterday and said she wasn't feeling better, another source told the gossip site.</p><p>The exact cause of her death has not yet been confirmed.</p><p>Simmons and Porter shared a close bond, which can be seen in a throwback tweet Simmons shared from her first wedding to Russell Simmons in 1998.</p><p>A smiling Porter is pictured next to Tyra Banks and other bridesmaids to the Kimora: House of Fab reality star.</p><p>Close friend Kimora Lee Simmons grieves with family as Kim Porter's body is removed by the coroner. Kim Porter, the model and actress who dated Diddy for 13 years, was found dead Thursday at her Los Angeles home</p><p>A close friend Simmons grieves with family as Kim Porter's body is removed by the coroner. Kim Porter, the model and actress who dated Diddy for 13 years, was found dead Thursday at her L.A. area home.</p><p>Friends of Porter watch Thursday as s coroner removes her body from her LA home</p><p>Police arrived at Porter's home around 11.30am after they received a call that someone at the residence had gone into cardiac arrest</p><p>A law enforcement officer looks on as a coroner removes Porter's body from her home Thursday</p><p>Kim Porter, the model and ex-girlfriend of Sean Combs, has been found dead in Los Angeles </p><p>Kimora Lee Simmons tweeted this throwback photo of her bridesmaids from her 1st wedding to Russell Simmons. Poter is pictured far left next to Tyra Banks</p><p>Porter, Sean 'P. Diddy' Combs, Kimora Lee Simmons and Russell Simmons are pictured in November 2003</p><p>Diddy's representative confirmed Porter's death and asked that the family be given 'privacy at this time'.</p><p>A source close to the pair told People late Thursday: 'Diddy is devastated and shocked. He and Kim were still very close friends and co-parents even though their romantic relationship didn’t work... they were still a family.'</p><p>Porter and Diddy share three children together, twin girls Jessie James and D'Lila, 11, and 20-year-old son Christian.</p><p>The model and actress also had a son, Quincy, from her relationship with R&B producer Al B. Sure!.</p><p>Porter and Diddy were pictured together just last month as their entire family came out to support the premiere of Quincy's film The Holiday Calendar.</p><p>Authorities arrived at Porter's Los Angeles home (pictured) around 11.30am on Thursday after receiving a call that someone was suffering cardiac arrest</p><p>On Thursday, celebrities took to social media to express their condolences as Missy Elliot wrote on Twitter: 'This is so heartbreaking. Lord please give her kids & her whole family strength.'</p><p>'R.I.P to Kim Porter, I send my condolences to her friends and family,' 50 Cent wrote.</p><p>'She was loved and will be missed dearly. I know Puff is hit right now, he loved her for real, soul mate type s**t. Chin up puff, Positive vibes only.'</p><p>Wendy Williams also shared: 'I just heard the sad news about Kim Porter. My condolences to Diddy and Kim's families. Rest In Peace.'</p><p>And Tevin Campbell: 'Totally shocked. Kim Porter has left us. Too young. Nothing but memories of her, my lil bro and I goofing around in the lab with Al B. Heartfelt prayers/condolences to the family especially the kids.' </p><p>Porter and Diddy dated for 13 years. They share three children together, twin girls Jessie James and D'Lila, 11, and 20-year-old son Christian.</p><p>The model and actress also had a son, Quincy, from her relationship with R&B producer Al B. Sure!. </p><p>Porter and Diddy were seen together just last month as their entire family came out to support the premiere of Quincy's film The Holiday Calendar. </p><p>Porter and Diddy dated on and off for 13 years. They are pictured here at the 1999 Annual Essence Awards </p><p>Porter and Diddy were seen together just last month as their entire family came out to support the premiere of Quincy's film The Holiday Calendar. She is pictured here at the premiere with the couple's two daughters </p><p>They share three children together, twin girls Jessie James and D'Lila, 11, and 20-year-old Christian. Pictured is Diddy with Jesse James, D'Lila, and his daughter Chance </p><p>Porter was an accomplished model and actress, appearing on the covers of Runway and Essence Magazine. </p><p>She also made appearances on shows including Law & Order, as well as the films The Brothers and Mama, I Want To Sing. </p><p>Porter and Diddy were on and off for more than a decade, their dramatic splits and reconciliations frequently making national headlines in the late 90s and early 200s.</p><p>Diddy first met Porter when he was an A&R executive in the early 1990s. It was love at first sight - at least for the future hitmaker.</p><p>Porter had been at the studio with her ex-boyfriend AI B. Sure when Diddy laid eyes on her. </p><p>All the rapper could think was 'I wish I had a girl like that'. </p><p>Authorities arrived at Porter's Los Angeles home around noon on Thursday after receiving a call that someone was suffering cardiac arrest. Porter is pictured here in October </p><p>Diddy's representative confirmed Porter's death and asked that the family be given 'privacy at this time'</p><p>Porter would go on to work as a receptionist at Uptown Records. By 1994, she and Diddy were a couple - and they were inseparable. </p><p>'We went out together, we ate together, we played together,' Porter told Essence during the same interview. </p><p>'He would want me at the office. I would want him at my shoots. Our bond was so tight.' </p><p>Diddy, who hails from Harlem, was completely taken by how different Porter - a Columbus, Georgia native - seemed from the other girls he knew. </p><p>'She wasn't like a New York girl,' he said. 'She was Bohemian, mixed with Georgia-peach hospitality.'</p><p>'I got the idea she'd like doing stuff like walking barefoot in the grass. I didn't think I could get her to like me.' </p><p>Porter and Diddy (pictured together at the Academy Awards in 2005) first began dating in the early 1990s </p><p>Diddy, who hails from Harlem, was completely taken by how different Porter - a Columbus, Georgia native - seemed from the other girls he knew when they first met</p><p>'She was smooth, you know, like ice. She's cool and collected and thinks before she speaks. You meet a lot of young ladies, and they just don't do that. Kim was never pressed. She was always in control.' </p><p>But shortly after the birth of the couple's first son, news hit that Diddy was dating Jennifer Lopez. Suddenly Porter's name was all over the press. </p><p>'Everywhere I went, people were asking, "Are you okay?"', Porter recalled at the time. </p><p>'They were talking to me like I was really crushed. But I just had a baby. I couldn't be somewhere in a corner heartbroken. I have kids. I'm a grown woman.' </p><p>Porter kicked Combs out of the house they shared and he went on to date Lopez for two years. </p><p>It wasn't until Combs faced the possibility of jail, after he was charged with bribery and weapons possession, that he won Porter back again. </p><p>'I think the threat of losing his freedom forced him to grow up and take responsibility for his actions,' she said. </p><p>The couple seemed stronger than ever after they got back together, with Diddy even declaring that Porter 'completes me' and that she was his 'muse'.</p><p>Porter and Diddy first broke up when she was pregnant with their son - the same time he began dating Jennifer Lopez behind her back </p><p>Porter kicked Combs out of the house they shared and he went on to date Lopez (pictured together in 2000) for two years</p><p>But just seven months after their loved-up interview was published, Porter and Diddy had broken up yet again. </p><p>And, much like the first time around, the betrayal happened when Porter was pregnant - this time with the rapper's twins. </p><p>Porter was informed by a friend that Diddy had another daughter on the way with another woman. </p><p>The baby - named Chance - was born five months before Porter's daughters. Her mother was Sarah Chapman, a woman in Atlanta who worked in fashion. </p><p>Porter planned her break-up from Diddy for weeks, waiting until he was out of town before packing up the house.</p><p>She took the cars, the nursery, the furniture - even the kitchen table. </p><p>'I wanted him to know I wasn't breaking up with him for two weeks - or maybe leaving for two days. If I pack up everything - twins and all - it means I'm out!' </p><p>It wasn't until Combs faced the possibility of jail, after he was charged with bribery and weapons possession - that he won Porter back again. The couple are pictured here in 2004, shortly before their final break-up </p><p>Porter and Diddy remained friends after their final break-up in 2007 and she made appearances on his show 'I Want To Work For Diddy'. She is pictured here in June 2018 </p><p>'Puffy's an action person, not a talk person. So I had to have an action. Telling him, "Babe, I'm leaving" was not gonna do it.' </p><p>But the couple remained friends through the years, something Porter predicted from the beginning. </p><p>'You know how when two people go their separate ways, most of the time there's animosity? It's not like that with us,' she said soon after their break-up. </p><p>'Sean and I have this bond, this friendship. I'm the person he can tell his inner most thoughts to and he's that person for me. He still calls me every day and we talk.' </p><p>The former couple continued to make appearances at red carpets and parties together and Porter made appearances on Diddy's show I Want to Work for Diddy, which aired from 2008 to 2010. </p><p>Diddy even gave Porter a shout out in one of his songs in 2010.</p><p>Diddy took to Instagram to share this birthday tribute for Porter in 2015, writing: 'We thank God for you! Love and be clear! She's set 4 life! BE CLEAR! Thank you for my beautiful children!'</p><p>Tributes for Porter quickly began to pour into social media on Thursday afternoon from the likes of 50 Cent, Questlove, and Missy Elliot </p><p>His lyrics - 'What if the twins ask me why I ain't marry their mom (why, damn!) / How do I respond? - raised eyebrows due to the song's title 'Coming Home'. </p><p>Diddy and Porter never rekindled their relationship, but he continued to shower her with love. </p><p>He took to Instagram to share a birthday tribute for Porter in 2015, writing: 'We thank God for you! Love and be clear! She's set 4 life! BE CLEAR! Thank you for my beautiful children!' </p><p>Tributes for Porter quickly began to pour into social media on Thursday afternoon.</p><p>'R.I.P to Kim Porter, I send my condolences to her friends and family,' wrote 50 Cent. </p><p>'She was loved and will be missed dearly. I know Puff is hit right now, he loved her for real, soul mate type s**t. Chin up puff, Positive vibes only.' </p><p>'This is so heartbreaking,' wrote Missy Elliott. 'Lord please give her kids & her whole family strength.' </p><p>Diddy is pictured with all five of his children. He shares twins Jesse James and D'Lila (pictured in black) and son Christian (in the jersey) with Porter. He also has son Justin Dior Combs and daughter Chance from other relationships</p><p> The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. </p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p>Your comment will be posted to MailOnline as usual.</p><p>Do you want to automatically post your MailOnline comments to your Facebook Timeline?</p><p> We will automatically post your comment and a link to the news story to your Facebook timeline at the same time it is posted on MailOnline. To do this we will link your MailOnline account with your Facebook account. 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Lady told attendees she does not care about the “negative words” addressed to her, but she instead uses them as a motivation to encourage responsible behaviour on the internet. She said: “It is not news or surprising to me that critics and the media have chosen to ridicule me for speaking out on this issue, and that's okay. "I remain committed to tackling this topic because it will provide a better world for our children.</p><p>Since Mrs Trump spoke out against “destructive and harmful” social media use last August, she has been victim of huge criticism and mocking, given her husband, Donald Trump, routinely attacks people on his Twitter account.</p><p>In a recent interview during her solo trip to Africa, the First Lady claimed she is a victim of widespread bullying.</p><p>The First Lady told ABC News: “I could say I’m the most bullied person in the world.”</p><p>The interviewer, looking rather surprised, then questioned: “You think you’re the most bullied person in the world?”</p><p>Mrs Trump softened her answer and replied: “One of them.</p><p>“If you really see what people are saying about me.”</p><p>Former First Lady Michelle Obama harshly criticised her successor's remarks during an interview to promote her upcoming book, claiming Mrs Trump should stop complaining.</p><p>When asked whether she could relate to Mrs Trump’s comments during an interview on NPR, Mrs Obama said: “I can’t”.</p><p>“I wrote about the fact that how I learned not to take myself so seriously in this role.</p><p>“I would meet military families, and spend time on bases.</p><p>“I would see the sacrifice that these families would make and the hardships that they would bare because they would have a loved one serving and dying and putting their life at risk.</p><p>“I admired them and it made me feel like, 'let me not complain out loud about anything that is happening to me’.”</p><p> See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive. </p>
ntervention while speaking in the Iranian city of Qazvin. The words were reported by Iranian news agency IRNA. Qazvin is in the west of the Middle Eastern nation.</p><p>The Iranian military commander said: “The United States is a regime formed on the basis of capitalism, racial discrimination and hegemonism.</p><p>“Our hostility toward them will continue.”</p><p>The army boss maintained Western and US officials have admitted “defeat” in their opposition to Iran.</p><p>He contended the “might and dignity” of Donald Trump’s global superpower have suffered and that Washington was “much weaker” as a world power than it was four decades ago.</p><p>The comments come as tensions hit new highs between Tehran and Washington after Trump announced two weeks ago he would be enforcing fresh sanctions on Hassan Rouhani’s cutthroat regime.</p><p>An ensuing social media spat followed the extraordinary move, with Trump posting a Game of Thrones-style “meme” with the words: “Sanctions are coming.”</p><p>The flippant gesture sparked an equally tongue-in-cheek response from Iranian Major General Qasem Soleimani from the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.</p><p>The military leader posted his own Instagram post with the defiant words: “I will stand against you.”</p><p>President Trump announced in May his intentions of withdrawing from the 2015 Iran nuclear deal that Barack Obama struck with Tehran, as well as China, France, Russia, the UK, Germany and the EU.</p><p>The deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), was intended to curb Iran’s nuclear energy programme, which the West maintained was to create a nuclear bomb.</p><p>The JCPOA stipulated Iran must limit its nuclear programme in exchange for the lifting of crippling economic sanctions.</p><p>But Trump rubbished the deal, calling it a “horrible one-sided” nuclear agreement.</p><p>In response to the comments, Rouhani said: “This is a psychological war, we won’t allow Trump to win.</p><p>“I’m happy that the pesky being has left the agreement.”</p><p>Last week, French Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire blasted Trump’s sanctions, promising to lead Europe in defiance.</p><p>He said: “Europe refuses to allow the US to be the trade policeman of the world.”</p><p> See today's front and back pages, download the newspaper, order back issues and use the historic Daily Express newspaper archive. </p>
er Aleksei A. Navalny during street protests amount to a politically motivated campaign to silence him, Europe’s top human rights court ruled on Thursday, in a rare finding that a government had abused its prosecutorial powers with political intent.</p><p>Observers of the work of the European Court of Human Rights called the decision an embarrassment for the Russian government, as it was only the 11th ruling on abuse of such powers in the court’s nearly 60-year history.</p><p>Russia has for years faced a barrage of criticism over hard-line domestic politics under President Vladimir V. Putin, who has squelched independent news outlets and routinely jailed opponents.</p><p>But the ruling came at a delicate time in relations between the European Court of Human Rights and the Russian government, raising fears that in response to a decision vindicating an opponent of Mr. Putin’s, Russia could drop out of the treaty that formed the court.</p><p>Over the years, Mr. Navalny, a former real estate lawyer and Russia’s most prominent opposition politician, has been arrested dozens of times, usually under Russian laws against taking part in protests without a permit or in organizing them. Once, he was arrested while merely walking on a sidewalk.</p><p>The flurry of short detentions have ranged from a few days to weeks, and have kept Mr. Navalny out of public view before elections, avoiding the possible backlash at home and abroad that would most likely come from imprisoning him for a single, lengthy spell. The European court considered seven of Mr. Navalny’s dozens of arrests.</p><p>The ruling at an appeals level of the court, known as the Grand Chamber, found that Mr. Navalny’s arrests formed part of Russia’s “general move to bring the opposition under control.”</p><p>The court ordered the Russian government to pay Mr. Navalny 63,678 euros, or about $72,000, in compensation and legal fees and to alter its laws on public assembly to bring them into compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights. The court, based in Strasbourg, France, was founded in 1959 to enforce this postwar convention on European freedoms.</p><p>Mr. Navalny had won rulings against the Russian government over the same seven arrests in February 2017, when the court decided they were arbitrary, that he had not received fair trials and that his right to assembly had been violated.</p><p>The appeal handed him an additional victory for two of the seven arrests under an article that prohibits ulterior motives in prosecutions, including political motives, and that has an extraordinarily high bar of proof, lawyers who have litigated at the court said.</p><p>“My sense is the European Court of Human Rights has really done its job,” said Grigory V. Vaypan, a lawyer at the Institute of Law and Public Policy in Moscow. “For many people in Russia, the prosecutions of Navalny have looked political from the outset.”</p><p>The ruling comes at a tense moment, as Moscow, angry over previous rulings, has already threatened to withdraw from the court’s jurisdiction, ending a post-Cold War effort to integrate Russia into the Continent’s human rights architecture.</p><p>A judgment under the rule, Article 18, “essentially accuses the member state of lying” about the reasons for prosecutorial action, Jeffrey D. Kahn, a law professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas and an authority on the European Court of Human Rights, said by telephone.</p><p>“That’s a pretty monumental decision,” he said, particularly as it was accompanied by an order to loosen laws on public assembly.</p><p>Russia has more cases before the court than any other country. In October, 10,950 allegations of rights abuse were pending against the Russian government, about 19 percent of the total docket. Russia has stopped paying dues for the court’s operations, and senior Russian officials say the country may soon sever ties.</p>
ers and soldiers have been killed since 2015, the Afghan president revealed this week, breaking with his government’s longstanding suppression of casualty totals.</p><p>Taliban insurgents also killed dozens of police officers and soldiers in a series of attacks in Farah Province, and an additional 14 police officers in an attack on a police station in the central city of Ghazni.</p><p>“Since 2015, still much regrettable, but the entire loss of American forces in Afghanistan is 58 Americans. In the same period, 28,529 of our security forces have lost their lives,” Mr. Ghani said.</p><p>To put Mr. Ghani’s figure in context, it means that the current death rate is on average about 25 police officers and soldiers a day, or 175 a week — more than 9,000 a year. By comparison, in 2013 there were occasional weeks in which the death toll for the government exceeded 100, but the average was far less.</p><p>If the average week now is nearly twice as bad as a bad week in 2013, the losses are even less sustainable — although American military leaders are not talking publicly about that now.</p><p>Here is how the current rate is calculated. Mr. Ghani said that 28,529 security force members had been killed since the beginning of 2015. Previously released government data confirmed 5,000 deaths in 2015 and nearly 7,000 in 2016. That leaves 16,529 over the past 23 months (Mr. Ghani did not specify how up to date his figure was, but he spoke on Monday). Assuming, conservatively, that losses have held steady in 2017 and 2018, that is an average of about 175 a week.</p><p>Even with a larger force, however, the government has been fighting a largely static war, guarding facilities, roads, bases and outposts throughout the country, while the Taliban have been free to pick their targets and concentrate their forces.</p><p>But most deaths among the Afghan security forces continue to be those of police officers and soldiers at relatively isolated outposts, as military leaders struggle with local politicians who want their areas protected.</p><p>“Is the state at risk of collapse?” he said. “No. Why? Because as long as we have our commando forces and our air force, we will be able to retake. Are the losses horrific? Yes.”</p><p>Verifying that claim is difficult; only in rare cases are the authorities able to produce bodies or photographs as evidence. That is partly because the insurgents generally try to take away their dead, and unlike government casualties, they rarely end up in hospitals or morgues.</p><p>The low number of American casualties reflects the fact that most of the fighting is being done by the Afghans. Of the 14,000 American troops in Afghanistan now, only about half are Special Operations troops involved in combat missions. By comparison, in 2011 there were more than 100,000 American soldiers in Afghanistan.</p><p>Najim Rahim contributed reporting from Kabul, and Taimoor Shah from Kandahar.</p>
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se soldiers were killed in a joint military operation against rebels in the northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is facing a deadly Ebola outbreak, the Security Council said Thursday.</p><p>Ten peacekeepers were injured and one was missing after Wednesday’s operation that targeted Allied Democratic Forces rebels, said the United Nations spokesman, Stéphane Dujarric.</p><p>The Security Council’s statement said seven of the peacekeepers who were killed were from Malawi and one was from Tanzania.</p><p>The joint forces were attacked while conducting operations to dislodge the rebel fighters from a stronghold in Kididiwe, near the regional capital of Beni, a United Nations official said. The mission succeeded and a number of rebels were captured, the official added, speaking on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to discuss the matter publicly.</p><p>Congo’s volatile east is home to many armed groups vying for control of the mineral-rich region, and the Allied Democratic Forces are especially active in the Beni area.</p><p>The Security Council called on all armed groups to stop the violence immediately and lay down their arms. It also urged Congolese authorities to apprehend and bring to justice the perpetrators of attacks on civilians, national security forces and the peacekeepers.</p><p>The Security Council emphasized “that deliberate attacks targeting peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law.”</p><p>The Allied Democratic Forces group originated in Uganda as a rebel movement against that country’s government. A military campaign forced them to relocate to eastern Congo.</p><p>Since October 2014, the group’s fighters have killed more than 1,500 people in the Beni region. United Nations investigators blamed the Allied Democratic Forces for the deadliest single assault on the peacekeeping mission in Congo in almost 25 years, an attack last Dec. 7 at a base near Beni that killed 15 Tanzanian peacekeepers and wounded 43 others.</p><p>In recent attacks, the group has also killed civilians and abducted children in the Beni region.</p><p>Rebel attacks have forced suspension of efforts to contain the Ebola outbreak in some areas.</p><p>Dr. Peter Salama, the emergencies chief for the World Health Organization, predicted Tuesday that Congo’s Ebola outbreak, which has killed more than 200 people, will last at least six more months.</p><p>The outbreak is “arguably the most difficult context that we’ve ever encountered,” Dr. Salama said, pointing to activities of the armed rebel groups in the region.</p>
y said Mr. Kim visited the testing ground of the Academy of Defense Science, the center of weapons development in North Korea, and “supervised a newly developed ultramodern tactical weapon test.”</p><p>“After seeing the power of the tactical weapon, Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un was so excited to say that another great work was done by the defense scientists and munitions industrial workers to increase the defense capability of the country,” the news agency reported.</p><p>The South Korean daily newspaper Chosun Ilbo on Friday quoted anonymous government sources as saying that North Korea had tested multiple-rocket launchers this month. Besides the North’s nuclear weapons, such rockets are considered one of the greatest military threats against South Korea because the North deploys them near the inter-Korean border to target the South’s capital, Seoul, a city of 10 million people.</p><p>Many Western experts still doubt that North Korea has mastered all the technologies needed to deliver a small nuclear warhead on such missiles. Still, following the November test, Mr. Kim said his country no longer needed to conduct nuclear and long-range missile tests because it had achieved the capability to hit the United States with nuclear missiles.</p><p>But the Singapore agreement was short on specifics, and subsequent negotiations on carrying it out have since stalled.</p><p>North Korea has pledged to dismantle its Yongbyon nuclear complex, a center for producing nuclear bomb fuel, and take other actions, but will do so only if Washington takes “corresponding” steps, like easing sanctions and signing a peace declaration. It has also expressed anger in recent days at South Korea’s resumption of small-scale military drills with the United States.</p>