Circumcising newborn boys increases their risk of cot death

Circumcising newborn boys increases their risk of cot death, new research suggests. 

Male babies who have their foreskins removed are likely to suffer from the condition, also known as Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), due to the stress of the procedure, a UK study found.

Such stress may include bleeding and pain or could be related to the procedure separating the infant from its mother and restraining it to a board. 

Researchers believe this may explain why cot death is more common in baby boys than girls.

They wrote: '[Male circumcision], the most common unnecessary surgery in the world, is a major risk-factor for SIDS.' 

Cot death kills around 300 babies in the UK and 3,500 every year in the US.

Circumcising newborn boys increases their risk of cot death, new research suggests (stock)

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), or cot death, is the sudden, unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently healthy baby.

SIDS kills around 3,500 babies in the US and just under 300 in the UK every year.

It usually occurs within the first six months of an infant's life and is more common in those born prematurely or of a low birth weight.

The cause of SIDS is unknown, however, it is associated with tobacco smoke, tangled bedding, co-sleeping with parents and breathing obstructions.

Researchers from the University of Sheffield analysed circumcision rates in babies born between 1999 and 2016 in 15 countries and more than 40 US states.

Prematurity data was also collected from the Center for Disease Prevention and Control, as well as the charity March of Dimes Foundation. 

The findings were published in the journal bioRxiv.  

Results further suggest SIDS rates are significantly lower in US states where Hispanic people make up more than eight per cent of the population. Spanish-speaking countries do not generally circumcise their boys.

In the 22 US states analysed where the health insurance Medicaid covers male circumcision, cot death is significantly higher.

Findings also imply babies born between 24 and 27 weeks, rather than full term at 40 weeks, are three times more likely to die from SIDS.

This may be due to the stress of being hospitalised in intensive care units, or their increased risk of bleeding or complications. 

The researchers believe their results should encourage people to avoid male circumcision unless it is medically needed, such as if the foreskin is too tight or is recurrently becoming infected. 

Such procedures should also be delayed until the child is at least seven years old, if possible.

The scientists add parents should be informed of circumcision's SIDS risk.

A doctor has criticised Love Island over a task that saw contestants care for robotic babies. In Wednesday's episode contestants, such as the now-eliminated Jack and Laura (pictured),  putt their 'babies' to bed covered in loose sheets, despite the risk of cot death

The 'babies', which were also left in the 34C Majorca heat without hats, frequently had loose sheets covering their mouths, which puts infants at risk of sudden infant death via suffocation

This comes after a scientist from the same university warned the parenting task in Wednesday night's episode of Love Island could put babies at risk of cot death.

The episode of the ITV2 reality series, which was watched by 2.6 million people, had contestants looking after 'infants' that cried, and required changing, feeding and comforting.

When it came time to put the 'newborns' to bed, the contestants loosely covered the babies in blankets, which prompted doctors to warn this can cause life-threatening suffocation and strangulation in real life.

Dr Eran Elhaik, who researches cot death at the University of Sheffield, explained to MailOnline that loose sheets are a suffocation hazard and can cause babies to overheat, which both increase the risk of the condition.

He said: 'Swaddling an infant helps to soothe them, if done right. Swaddling is done with a sheet that wraps the infant's body so that they cannot move.

'Done wrong, the infant will move, the sheet will unfold and the sheet and blanket will become a choking hazard.

'That's problem number one, problem number two is overheating due to the use of blankets, which depends on the season and the heating of the room.' 

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July 27, 2018

Sources: Daily Mail

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I&#x2019;m cross that I didn&#x2019;t do my research and just assumed that everyone who injects Botox and fillers has been to medical school,&quot; she said.&#xA0;&#x201C;I could have had the same reaction to the filler with a doctor but the difference is that they would have known what to do to treat it. The combination of the party atmosphere, my own naivety and the beautician&#x2019;s lack of training meant I could have lost my lip.&quot;</p><p>She then contacted Antonia Mariconda, founder of the Safety in Beauty campaign, who said Knappier&#x2019;s botched lip fillers were one of the worst cases she&#x2019;s seen.</p><p>&#x201C;We urge ladies to please do their research and only entrust these invasive aesthetic procedures to experienced medical professionals,&quot; Mariconda said.&#xA0;&#x201C;We are calling for the government to ban non-health care professionals from carrying out these seriously risky procedures and met with Theresa May earlier this year. It&#x2019;s time to clean out the cosmetic cowboys.&quot;</p><p>General physician and cosmetic doctor Jane Leonard offers aesthetic treatments at clinics in London and Cheshire and says many women approach her having had a bad experience at a Botox bash.</p><p>&quot;I only see these people when things have gone wrong. If you inject something into someone&#x2019;s lips or face you have to know anatomically where you&#x2019;re putting it, which&#xA0;a&#xA0;beautician isn&#x2019;t going to know,&quot; Leonard said.&#xA0;&quot;And a short course on how to give Botox and fillers isn&#x2019;t going to teach you that.&quot;</p><p>&quot;The second problem is the quality of the products they&#x2019;re using, which is the biggest divide between doctors and dentists administering&#xA0;Botox and fillers and&#xA0;beauticians doing it for &#xA3;50&#xA0;in a salon or at a party,&quot; Leonard said.&#xA0;&quot;If something goes wrong, we know what a vascular problem or an infection looks like and can act quickly to treat it but a beautician won&apos;t.&quot;</p><p>&quot;There are two problems that I commonly see in women who&apos;ve had treatment at a party - either they are&#xA0;dissatisfied with the results such as lumpiness&#xA0;in the filler&#xA0;or drooping&#xA0;from Botox, or they have a medical issue&#xA0;such as&#xA0;a&#xA0;blockage in&#xA0;the&#xA0;blood supply in the face, which is an emergency,&quot; she said.</p><p>Unfortunately, because the aesthetics industry remains unregulated it attracts unscrupulous profiteers with no medical training to cope with complications which may arise.</p><p>Nikki Milovanovic is a spokeswoman for the British Association of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons (BAAPS) and says it&#x2019;s a serious problem.</p><p>&#x201C;Botox can only be injected by a prescribing clinician or under their supervision as it&#x2019;s a prescription only medicine, but the problem is that many unscrupulous practitioners can get hold of Botox - or counterfeit products - online, and then administer it in non-clinical settings, anywhere from parties to &#x2018;pop-ups&#x2019; and pub car parks,&#x201D; she explained.</p><p>&#x201C;Almost anyone can take qualification courses required to inject dermal fillers, which can be as short as half a day,&quot; Leonard said.&#xA0;&quot;But fillers are unregulated so there&apos;s nothing stopping people from using the public as guinea pigs. Often the person administering injections is unable to recognize complications, let alone treat them.&quot;</p><p>A recent poll of BAAPS members revealed that 40 percent of them have seen an alarming increase in problems with unregulated facial injectables (dermal fillers) over the last five years, which would have been avoided if fillers were available on prescription only.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>

    1 December 07, 2018
  • Colorado dad welcomes baby girl, loses wife on same day

    Colorado dad welcomes baby girl, loses wife on same day

    ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>&#x201C;I&#x2019;m like, &#x2018;Are you OK?&#x2019; And I see blood everywhere,&#x201D; the new dad told the news outlet.</p><p>Doctors told Connie he had to choose between saving his wife and potentially losing their baby, or saving the baby and potentially losing his wife. He said he did what he believes his wife would&#x2019;ve wanted him to do, and elected for Keyvonne to undergo an emergency C-section to save their baby.</p><p>Angelique Keyvonne Connie, who was named after her mother and will be called &#x201C;Pooder&#x201D; for short, entered the world shortly before her mother&#x2019;s health began to decline.</p><p>The Connies&apos; baby is expected to spend several weeks in the hospital, and while the new dad is struggling with both learning how to cope with his wife&#x2019;s sudden death and care for a newborn, members of the community have collected funds to help him pay unexpected costs.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>

    1 December 07, 2018
  • Getting medicines into U.K. may be issue post-Brexit, government admits

    Getting medicines into U.K. may be issue post-Brexit, government admits

    to ensure the continued supply of medicines if the country leaves the European Union without a deal in March.</p><p>"We are working on ensuring that we have aviation capacity," Health Secretary Matt Hancock told BBC radio on Friday.</p><p>"If there is a serious disruption at the border we will have prioritization and prioritization will include medicines and medical devices," he added.</p><p>Hancock also said that Britain would have a stockpile of those drugs that can be obtained.</p>

    1 December 07, 2018
  • Ask Well: Do Cruciferous Vegetables Really Fight Cancer?

    Ask Well: Do Cruciferous Vegetables Really Fight Cancer?

    getables, which include broccoli and brussels sprouts as well as dark leafy greens like kale and arugula, in your diet.</p><p>Whether eating them also helps prevent cancer is a subject of intense research, said Vandana R. Sheth, a spokeswoman for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. “While studies in lab animals find significant benefits as far as protecting DNA and anti-inflammatory benefits, in humans, the results of human studies are mixed,” she said.</p><p>All cruciferous vegetables contain glucosinolates, natural substances that break down during chopping, cooking, chewing and digestion into biologically active compounds called isothiocyanates and indoles. In laboratory experiments in rats and mice, these compounds have been found to inhibit cancers of the bladder, breast, colon, liver, lung and stomach. They protect cells from DNA damage by inactivating carcinogens and decreasing inflammation. They can also help inhibit the formation of blood vessels and the migration of tumor cells, processes that help spread cancer.</p><p>But studies in humans have been inconsistent. Many studies have found no association between cruciferous vegetable intake and cancers of the prostate, colon and rectum, lung or breast. Other studies, however, have found that men who ate diets high in cruciferous vegetables had a lower risk of prostate cancer, and that women whose diets were rich in these vegetables had a lower risk of breast cancer.</p><p>A person’s genetic makeup may help to explain the inconsistent findings. Scientists recently learned that half the population does not carry a gene that determines how long the body retains and uses the protective compounds derived from these vegetables.</p><p>Cruciferous vegetables also contain other protective compounds, including carotenoids, plant pigments that may control abnormal cell growth; vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells and supporting the immune system; and folate, which may also help to maintain healthy DNA and keep cancer-promoting genes turned off.</p><p>Ms. Sheth warned it is best to obtain these nutrients through the diet rather than through dietary supplements, since excessive amounts of some vitamins and carotenoids may actually be harmful. While too little folate is associated with an increased risk of colorectal cancer, recent studies have linked unusually high amounts of folic acid — the form found in supplements and fortified foods — to an increased risk of colorectal cancer.</p><p>But you cannot go wrong incorporating a lot of cruciferous vegetables in your diet, Ms. Sheth said. “The bottom line is that eating more vegetables is good for us,” she said.</p>

    1 December 07, 2018


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