We're falling short on efforts to stop global warming. Here's how we can get on track.
Why is it so hard to stop climate change? Can we turn the tide? What is required of governmental leaders — and how can citizens help? Licker answered these and other questions in a wide-ranging interview with NBC News MACH. The interview, conducted via internet chat and email, has been edited for clarity and brevity.
Coral reefs are critical for a variety of reasons. They are home to huge concentrations of marine biodiversity and, as such, are important sources of food as well as tourism revenue. They also provide important services to coastal communities. For example, they help break up storm waters before they make landfall.
The report makes it clear that to cut carbon dioxide emissions we need large-scale transformations in the way we generate and use electricity, shifting away from fossil fuel-based sources and ramping up renewable energy and energy efficiency. The pathways to limiting warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius that were examined in this report also generally include an increase in the share of nuclear energy production and carbon capture and storage.
Countries, states and cities are already making significant strides to step up on reducing global warming emissions. These actions are getting us closer to the Paris Agreement's goals, but we need each and every nation to follow suit.
Absolutely. In our daily life, we can take many measures to reduce our global warming emissions. We can reduce our home energy consumption by using more efficient appliances and reduce the amount that we travel by car, using other means of transportation when possible. We can also call upon our elected officials to enact policies that will make it easier and less expensive in the long run for us to reduce our energy use, rely on clean energy sources, and produce fewer global warming emissions.
Limiting global warming to 1.5 C will certainly not be easy. It will require major societal transformations. At the end of the day, though, whether we enact measures to achieve this is our choice.
October 09, 2018
government over climate change said a judge’s decision Monday to allow the suit to move forward should clear the way for a trial to begin on Oct. 29.</p><p>The suit, which was brought by 21 children and young adults, accuses federal officials and oil industry executives of violating their due process rights by knowing for decades that carbon pollution poisons the environment, but doing nothing about it.</p><p>“When the climate science is brought into the courtroom it will result in the judge finding that the government is committing constitutional violations,” said the lawyer for the kids, Phil Gregory.</p><p>In a statement, a Justice Department spokesman said the government is reviewing Monday’s decision from U.S. District Judge Ann Aiken in Eugene, Oregon.</p><p>Aiken also ruled that the suit could proceed without President Donald Trump specifically named in it — a move Gregory said the young people had already agreed to.</p><p>“The law is unclear on whether and to what extent a court can issue an order to a sitting president,” Gregory said, adding that the ruling still allows the group to sue department leaders within the Trump Administration.</p><p>“These agencies are actively infringing on constitutional rights and the judge can issue an order stopping them without including the president,” he said.</p><p>The suit was first filed in 2015 against the Obama Administration when the plaintiffs were between 8 and 19 years old. The young people are from across the country, and are “especially vulnerable to the dangerous situation” the government created, their suit claims.</p><p>Extreme weather events, such as flooding, have caused them emotional trauma and damages to their health, safety, cultural practices, food security and economic stability, the suit says.</p><p>The government has argued those injuries are widespread environmental phenomena affecting all other humans on the planet and said the issue did not belong in court.</p><p>Jeffrey Wood, the acting assistant attorney general in charge of the Environment and Natural Resources Division, has previously called the suit an “an unconstitutional attempt to use a single Oregon court to control the entire nation’s energy and climate policy.”</p><p>Wood added that those policies should be decided by elected branches of government, not courts.</p><p>In a court filling on Friday, the federal government asked the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals to halt the case while it seeks review by the U.S. Supreme Court.</p><p>The federal defendants also contended that letting the case proceed would be too burdensome, would unconstitutionally pit the courts against the executive branch, and would require improper "agency decision-making" by forcing officials to answer questions about climate change.</p><p>Aiken in her Monday decision rejected those arguments, saying the plaintiffs had offered extensive expert declarations to link their injuries to fossil fuel-induced climate change.</p><p>She also said there was sufficient evidence that government actions, such as coal leasing, oil development and fossil fuel industry subsidies, led to the children's injuries.</p>
for circulating images of he and his wife posing with dead animals during a hunt in Africa resigned on Monday, saying he had made "poor judgements."</p><p>In a letter to Idaho Gov. C.L. "Butch" Otter, the commissioner, Blake Fischer, said those judgments "resulted in sharing photos of a hunt in which I did not display an appropriate level of sportsmanship and respect for the animals I harvested."</p><p>While claiming the photos were out of character, Fischer apologized and said he hoped the photos would "not harm the integrity and ethic" of the Idaho Fish and Game Department.</p><p>Fischer was criticized by former commissioners for sending the photos to them and others in a Sept. 17 email. In the note, which was obtained through a public records request, Fischer said the hunt occurred after he and his wife traveled to Namibia for a couple of weeks — a trip that was his third to Africa and her first.</p><p>"First day she wanted to watch me, and 'get a feel' of Africa," he wrote. "So I shot a whole family of baboons. I think she got the idea quick."</p><p>The images showed Fischer and his wife smiling above the bodies of various animals, including several monkeys.</p><p>One of the recipients of Fischer’s note, former commissioner Fred Trevey, responded on Oct. 5, saying the email "dismays and disappoints me."</p><p>Trevey cited the Idaho Department of Fish and Game’s hunter education manual, which he said "clearly instructs our youth to have consideration for and respect the opinions of non-hunters," and to "refrain from taking photos of the kill and from vividly describing the kill within earshot of non-hunters."</p><p>"I'm sure what you did was legal, however, legal does not make it right," Trevey wrote.</p><p>Trevey encouraged Fischer to resign and “shield the Commission as an institution and hunting as a legitimate tool of wildlife management from the harm that is sure to come.”</p><p>In an interview with NBC News, another former commissioner, Keith Stonebraker, said he found the email "nauseating" and said the images "flew in the face” of the ethical hunting standards that commissioners seek to uphold.</p><p>"It would be the same as going out and killing fawns," he said, adding: "I thought, 'Why in the world would anybody want to kill a family of baboons?' It just made no sense at all."</p><p>Such images could stoke what Stonebraker called a "mini crisis" — a dearth of interest among younger generations of would-be hunters and a decline in the number of licenses sold to them by fish and game departments.</p><p>Fischer, whose appointment was set to expire in 2022, also runs an agricultural and irrigation supply company in Boise and manufactures specialty archery equipment, according to his commission profile.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>"Aliens are coming!" said one Weibo user, according to the Mail. Another asked: "Is the UFO leaving China after celebrating its national holiday?'</p><p>People Daily's China, the largest newspaper group in China, said experts believe the lights are likely related to "high-altitude aircraft" and the streaks that were left behind by them.</p><p>One Twitter user appeared to question whether the recent lights over California and Arizona might be related to the lights over China.</p><p>"So the 1st picture is of a ‘UFO Sighting’ in China," the person tweeted. "The 2nd picture is from a couple months ago when they “launched a rocket in California” and the 3rd picture was taken tonight from Phoenix AZ. See any similarities?"</p><p>UFO expert Nigel Watson told The Daily Mail that the footage looked like that of a rocket motor tail.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>Archaeologists in Norway have used ground-penetrating radar technology to discover an extremely rare Viking longship in what experts are describing as a “sensational” find.</p><p>A team from the Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU) harnessed high-resolution georadar to locate the ship in Østfold County, southeastern Norway. The 66-foot vessel, which is located in a burial mound, is just beneath the topsoil at a depth of 1.6 feet.</p><p>Dr. Knut Paasche, head of the department of digital archaeology at NIKU, described the find as “incredibly exciting” in the statement, adding that only three well-preserved Viking ships have been found in Norway.</p><p>“We are certain that there is a ship there, but how much is preserved is hard to say before further investigation,” said Morten Hanisch, county conservator in Østfold, in the statement.</p><p>Archaeologists have also identified eight previously-unknown burial mounds, which have been destroyed by plowing, at the site. Additionally, georadar data revealed five longhouses, some of which are “remarkably large.”</p><p>Viking families lived in windowless longhouses, which also served as a shelter for their cattle.</p><p>The site is the next to a monumental Viking burial mound. The longship thus forms part of a cemetery that is clearly designed to display power and influence, according to NIKU project leader Lars Gustavsen. “The ship-burial does not exist in isolation,” he said in a statement.</p><p>Archaeologists are now planning to digitally map the site, uncovering more details about the ship without unearthing it and exposing it to the elements. However, experts are not ruling out the possibility of an excavation at some point in the future.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>If the purpose of art is to expand our minds, how does that change when the artwork is 350 miles away in low Earth orbit?</p><p>The reflective, nonfunctional satellite, which will be visible to the naked eye and will orbit the Earth for several weeks before burning up harmlessly in the atmosphere, is meant to provoke wonder and asks viewers to "consider our place in the universe" and "reimagine how we live together" on Earth, according to the project's website.</p><p>The actual sculpture will be housed inside of a brick-sized object called a CubeSat and will unfurl and self-inflate like a balloon. Sunlight will reflect off of the sculpture, which is constructed of a material similar to Mylar, making the artwork -- the size of two school buses when it's fully inflated -- visible from Earth.</p><p>The artwork could be seen by a very large number of people worldwide.</p><p>This isn't the first artwork in space, however.</p><p>Paglen, a recent MacArthur fellow, began assembling a team of advisors in 2008 that included academics, engineers and others in the aerospace industry, reports PBS. He reached out to the Nevada Museum of Art six years later and they agreed to partner with him.</p><p>Paglen continued: "I was noticing that there was a kind of military occupation of space that had been in place for a long time. I started to think about how space might be different."</p><p>In response to the criticism from some astronomers in Artnet, Paglen wondered why the hundreds of other weather satellites and rocket bodies launched each year had not drawn the same negative reactions.</p><p>"Why are we offended by a sculpture in space, but we’re not offended by nuclear missile targeting devices or mass surveillance devices, or satellites with nuclear engines that have a potential to fall to earth and scatter radioactive waste all over the place?” he asked.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ity — and it's never been cheap. But the stratospheric cost of putting people and payloads into space is finally starting to fall, thanks in part to the rise of SpaceX and other private spaceflight companies.</p><p>Depending on where you're going, a ticket could set you back anywhere from $250,000 to tens of millions of dollars.</p><p>If you're looking simply to cross the 62-mile-high Karman line that marks the boundary between the upper atmosphere and outer space, Virgin Galactic says it will take you there for $250,000. The company says about 650 people already have tickets for the suborbital flights, to be made aboard a winged vehicle called SpaceShipTwo. A date for customer flights has yet to be announced.</p><p>Virgin Galactic and Blue Origin passengers will join the fewer than a dozen private citizens who have funded their own trips into space. From 2001 to 2009, the Vienna, Virginia-based firm Space Adventures worked with Russia’s space agency to send eight people to the ISS on flights lasting 10 or more days.</p><p>Small satellites may qualify for a free ride to space through NASA’s Educational Launch of Nanosatellites program, which helps universities and research groups fly standardized satellites called CubeSats aboard rockets as secondary payloads.</p><p>NASA is developing its Space Launch System, which will carry astronauts to the moon and Mars. The rocket’s per-launch cost has not been disclosed, but the agency now spends at least $2 billion per year on the project. The maiden flight isn’t expected until 2020.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>Friendly reminder: daylight saving time ends at 2 a.m. (local time) on Sunday, Nov. 4, which means it's almost time to turn those clocks back.</p><p>Theoretically, we'll gain an hour of sleep. But we'll also be losing an hour of evening light through March 10, 2019 — when it's time to "spring" forward.</p><p>Daylight saving time was extra special this year, as it marked the 100th anniversary of the event. The tradition of changing clocks officially began in the U.S. on March 19, 1918.</p><p>Here's what you need to know about the century-old tradition.</p><p>But it was only temporary. The law was repealed about a year later, on August 20, 1919, as soon as the war was over.</p><p>"However, the sections of the 1918 law, which had established standard time zones for the country, remained in effect," the library said. "In 1921, Congress readjusted the western boundary of the standard central time zone, shifting parts of Texas and Oklahoma into this zone."</p><p>The topic of daylight saving surfaced again during World War II. On Jan. 20, 1942 Congress re-established daylight saving time.</p><p>More than two decades later, in 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Uniform Time Act, declaring daylight saving time a policy of the U.S. and establishing uniform start and end times within standard time zones.</p><p>"If a state chooses to observe Daylight Saving Time, it must begin and end on federally mandated dates," the DOT says.</p><p>No. Hawaii, most of Arizona, and a handful of U.S. territories — including American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands — do not observe daylight saving time.</p><p>There are several reasons why officials believe daylight saving time is beneficial.</p><p>Some say it saves energy because people tend to spend more time outside when it's lighter out. The DOT claims it also "saves lives and prevents traffic injuries," because visibility is better.</p><p>However, some believe the process is a "hassle."</p><p>Proponents of scrapping daylight saving time argue it's generally unnecessary, disturbs sleep patterns and has recently become even more complicated. In 1986, Congress extended daylight saving from a six- to seven-month period and extended it again in 2005 to eight months — mid-March to mid-November.</p><p>Disagreements over daylight saving aren't new. In 1965, before the Uniform Act was passed, 71 major cities in the U.S. with a population of over 100,000 were using daylight saving, while 59 others were not.</p><p>"People do not like the hassle of adjusting their clocks twice a year," Downing added.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>Remembering renowned physicist and author Stephen Hawking in his own words.</p><p>The late Stephen Hawking believed advances in genetic science would lead to a future generation of superhumans that could ultimately destroy the rest of humanity.</p><p>In newly published writings, Dr. Hawking suggested an elite class of physically and intellectually powerful humans could arise from rich people choosing to edit their DNA and manipulating their children’s genetic makeup.</p><p>“I am sure that during this century, people will discover how to modify both intelligence and instincts such as aggression,” he wrote.</p><p>“Laws will probably be passed against genetic engineering with humans. But some people won’t be able to resist the temptation to improve human characteristics, such as memory, resistance to disease and length of life.”</p><p>This two-tier system of humans, Dr. Hawking predicted, could have grave social consequences.</p><p>“Once such superhumans appear, there will be significant political problems with unimproved humans, who won’t be able to compete,” he wrote. “Presumably, they will die out, or become unimportant. Instead, there will be a race of self-designing beings who are improving at an ever-increasing rate.</p><p>“If the human race manages to redesign itself, it will probably spread out and colonize other planets and stars.”</p><p>While the rise of a superhumans won’t happen in our lifetime, new gene-editing technology has already led to concerns about the potential of designer babies.</p><p>“The fear is that they could use these techniques to create, some way, genetically modified people. You know designer babies where parents pick and choose the traits of their babies, make them taller, stronger, smarter or something like that,” NPR said in a 2016 report about a Swedish scientist using the technique to edit human embryos.</p><p>Dr. Hawking was known for bringing clarity to some of the most mind-bending ideas in science such as the nature of black holes and the possibility of a multiverse.</p><p>But towards the end of this life, he grew increasingly vocal about future problems the world might face.</p><p>In recent years, Stephen Hawking had raised the alarm about the potential threat of artificial intelligence — something that also featured in the latest collection of published writings.</p><p>“The advent of super-intelligent AI would be either the best or the worst thing ever to happen to humanity,” he wrote.</p><p>“The real risk with AI isn’t malice, but competence. A super-intelligent AI will be extremely good at accomplishing its goals, and if those goals aren’t aligned with ours we’re in trouble.”</p><p>Speaking at the Web Summit in Lisbon in November last year, the famous physicist said the scary reality is we just don’t know yet whether AI is good or disastrous for the world.</p><p>“We cannot know if we will be infinitely helped by AI or ignored by it and sidelined, or conceivably destroyed by it,” he said.</p><p>While AI could be hugely beneficial for reducing poverty, disease and restoring the natural environment, it’s impossible to predict “what we might achieve when our own minds are amplified by AI”.</p><p>“AI could be the worst invention of the history of our civilization, that brings dangers like powerful autonomous weapons or new ways for the few to oppress the many.</p><p>“AI could develop a will of its own, a will that is in conflict with ours and which could destroy us.”</p><p>Hawking warned that scientists and global governments needed to focus on maximizing benefits for society rather than pure capability.</p><p>“We need to employ effective management in all areas of its development,” he said. “We stand on a threshold of a brave new world. It is an exciting, if precarious place to be and you are the pioneers,” he told the audience of researchers and technologists.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>While researchers will be poring over the new data from the DLR-made MASCOT lander in the coming weeks and months, they're already starting to piece together a clearer picture of the asteroid.</p><p>MASCOT then made a 6-minute free fall from a height of 167 feet (51 m) to the asteroid's southern hemisphere. After analyzing data from the descent, mission researchers think the robot hit a large boulder and bounced several times before eventually landing on its back like a turtle with its camera pointed at the sky — not an ideal position for collecting data. MASCOT has no wheels or propulsion system, but thanks to its swinging arm, the lander was able to right itself with a little push.</p><p>"We also were very surprised that the area of bouncing was much more constrained than it was, based on our simulations," Ho said. The gravity on Ryugu is one-66,500th of Earth's, so even a tiny push off the surface is enough to send the lander hopping (or potentially floating away from the asteroid).</p><p>MASCAM produced about 66 images with useful scientific content, Nicole Schmitz, a DLR researcher with MASCAM, told Space.com. Pointing to boulders in some of the images, she said, "It's very remarkable how big some of them are."</p><p>While the surface of the asteroid appears to be a ghostly gray in the images released by the DLR, its actual color is quite dark.</p><p>"The asteroid is extremely dark, close to black," Schmitz said. "When you see these images, we enhanced the illumination, because otherwise you would see nothing."</p><p>Hans-Ulrich Auster, a researcher at TU-Braunschweig, said magnetometer measurements indicated that the asteroid has a weak magnetic field and MASCOT's landing behavior offered clues about the stiffness of the asteroid.</p><p>"We saw here that 90 percent of the energy was lost [during landing] so that might be an indication that the surface is not as hard as stone," Auster said. "On the other hand, we can see it's not as soft as a comet."</p><p>"With MINERVA and MASCOT, you have three landers for the first time landing on an asteroid and even jumping across the surface performing several kinds of experiments on quite distant regions, which gives you a more global context for the characteristics of the asteroid," Ho said. "Definitely, it's the most populated asteroid in space history."</p><p>The $150 million Hayabusa2 mission launched into space in December 2014. The spacecraft is carrying yet another small rover, MINERVA-II2, which is scheduled to be deployed to Ryugu's surface next year. Hayabusa2 is also slated to collect a sample of Ryugu rock and send it back to Earth at the end of 2020 so that the pristine cosmic material can be analyzed by scientists directly.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>
ritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes. </p><p>The $600 million Kepler mission launched in March 2009. Initially, the spacecraft stared at more than 150,000 stars simultaneously, watching for tiny brightness dips that could indicate the passage of orbiting planets across these stars' faces.</p><p>In May 2013, the second of Kepler's four orientation-maintaining reaction wheels failed, bringing an end to the observatory's original mission. But Kepler's handlers figured out a way to stabilize the spacecraft using the remaining wheels and sunlight pressure, and Kepler soon embarked on an extended mission called K2.</p><p>During K2, Kepler has been hunting for exoplanets and observing a variety of other objects and phenomena, over the course of shifting 80-day campaigns. Kepler began gathering data for the latest one, Campaign 19, on Aug. 29. But the mission team put the observatory to sleep less than a month later after noticing that Kepler's pointing ability had degraded.</p><p>Refueling Kepler is not an option. The observatory — which is responsible for about 70 percent of all exoplanet discoveries to date — orbits the sun and is millions of miles from Earth.</p><p>This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. ©2018 FOX News Network, LLC. All rights reserved. All market data delayed 20 minutes.</p>